On Language, Tradition, Culture and Civilization: Rise of Regional Aspirations in India- Demand for the DEMERGER of the Telangana State from the Unified Andhra Pradesh State, a Quintessential Example   4 comments

This article deals with the terms- tradition, culture and civilization vis-à-vis language and its dialectal variations in the postmodernist context, in the backdrop of the recent surge in the enormously long-standing demand for the demerger of the Telangana state from the ‘unified Andhra Pradesh state’ which was formed on November 01, 1956, purely on the basis of linguistic reorganization of the states of our country, and on certain conditions in order to safeguard the interests of the Telangana people. But the irony is, the language has been used as a tool to systematically demoralize, demean and perpetually weaken the people of Telangana. The writer talks about the importance of carving out the state of Telangana with Hyderabad as its capital, from the dubious and farcical unified Andhra Pradesh state based on historical, linguistic, social, cultural, political and economic reasons, and eventually hopes for brotherhood and camaraderie to prevail upon the people of the three distinct regions of the Telugu speaking state, with proper understanding and appreciation of the democratic rights and aspirations of the people of Telangana. Finally the writer concludes his article by stressing the paramount importance of saving the noble democracy of India by preserving the diversity which is the sine qua non of its unity.


On tradition, culture and civilization         

kaleidoscopic delight

India, the great kaleidoscopic delight.

There are some interesting facts worth discussing and debating about the terms like tradition, culture and civilization, and also there is a strong need to revisit and redefine these concepts in the post-modern and globalised trans-cultural scenario, though most of the proponents of Indian tradition and culture baulk at this very proposition.  Now it’s time to recognize the fact that tradition, culture and civilization are no one’s monopoly, and everybody has a stake and a strong contribution in enriching them, especially in the Indian socio-cultural milieu, wherein all these are embedded into one, to form a beautiful mosaic, that gives an aesthetic kaleidoscopic delight to a viewer who views it with some objectivity and humanism in his/her heart and mind.

The true tradition and culture are the ones which let everyone grow with dignity and let them have and preserve their own distinctive identities and uniqueness.  But they should never be a means of usurpation, hegemony, subjugation and subsequent exploitation.  There had/have been scores of instances in the world history, of one civilization dominating the other on the false pretext of traditional and cultural supremacy, which was/is the root cause of the subsequent exploitation, damage and destruction of scores of pure native traditions and cultures, thereby paralyzing or hampering or ceasinggrowth of their civilizations. the healthy growth of their civilizations.






Exploitation on the name of traditional and cultural supremacy      

It’s purely in the guise of reforming and refining other cultures and civilizations that some vested interests, calling it their burden or bounden duty,their burden or bounden duty, 1 have donned the mantle and been hell bent on it, in spite of stiff resistancetheir burden or bounden duty, 2 from the natives. This is exactly the starting point of the ensuing exploitation, and plundering of all the resources, thereby making the less powerful, and innocent & gullible people socially, culturally and economically weak and dependant. Linked to this is the major and catastrophic aftermath effect of perpetual political powerlessness and dependence, and the subsequent monopoly, hegemony and subjugation.monopoly, hegemony and subjugation2monopoly, hegemony and subjugation1

Now, the time has, as never before, come to revisit and redefine all these abstract yet powerful concepts, and concretize them to give a distinct identity, substantial shape and uniqueness to every society.  The time has come for all those who had/have been neglected and disregarded for ages, and discouraged from asserting their own distinct and unique identities, and now, there should be no more monopoly and hegemony, subjugation or suppression of any society on the lines of tradition, culture, civilization, and language, and also connected to these, and as a consequence of these, social, economic and political imperialism.social, economic and political imperialism2social, economic and political imperialism1






The Post-modern perspective

Due to the impact of the egalitarian and liberal education and opportunities,liberal education and opportunities post-modern ideals, globalization, strong media, both print and electronic, and the ubiquitous social networking/sharing sites likeinternet concept Facebook,social networkingsharing sites like2 Twitter, Youtube, Wikipedia, thanks to the phenomenal leap in the effective handling and usage of information and communication technology,information and communication technology and its various user friendly interface mechanisms,user friendly interface mechanisms, the people who have so far been limited to the fringes have started coming to the centre stage and are shaking the very foundations of it to its bottom, and asserting their own unique identities, rights and rightful placesrights and rightful places in the vast socio-cultural firmament of the world in general, and of India in particular. Now everyone who had been neglected and disregarded for several ages by the successive ruling classes characterized & influenced by, and consisting of neo-feudalists, neo-colonialists and capitalists, have started to question the monopoly and hegemony of those sections of society who are minuscule in number, but are highly powerful & influential, and headstrong & cold-hearted.



The Telangana connection


K. Chandra Shekhar Rao, popularly known as KCR, the maverick political leader of Telangana who gave a political shape to its liberation movement which had been brutally suppressed by the imperial and fascist Andhra rulers by falsely labeling it anti-national and anti-social. KCR is known for his fiery speeches in typical Telangana dialect of Telugu language interspersed with humour and satire in his own peculiar style which strike an emotional chord with the Telangana people. He is the man who was mainly responsible for bringing all the pro-Telangana forces together and for bringing the Telangana issue to the centre-stage of Indian politics.

This is exactly what has been going on for several decades in the Telangana region of India.  The people of Telangana have started reasoning and questioning

Father of Telangana and the beacon light of its movement and the great ideologue, Late Prof. K. Jaya Shankar, fondly called “Jayashankar sir” by all the Telanganaites. He was an acclaimed economist, social scientist, political philosopher, and an orator / public speaker par excellence. He was an avowed bachelor and dedicated his entire life for securing justice to the people of Telangana.

Father of Telangana and the beacon light of its movement and the great ideologue, Late Prof. K. Jaya Shankar, fondly called “Jayashankar sir” by all the Telanganaites. He was an acclaimed economist, social scientist, political philosopher, and an orator / public speaker par excellence. He was an avowed bachelor and dedicated his entire life for securing justice to the people of Telangana.

the age old subjugation and exploitation of the Andhra and Rayalaseema ruling classes, and are fighting for their self-rule and self-respect by asserting their own distinctive identity, which is totally unpalatable to the insensitive hegemonic and exploitative ruling classes who exist and work hand in glove with the crony capitalists. The separate Telangana movement, and the struggle for liberation from the exploitative Andhra rulers is purely based on asserting its own identity,

Offshore mission Telangana, an ambitious mission of reclaiming its historical and cultural past, long neglected and perverted under the fascist Andhra rulers.

Offshore mission Telangana, an ambitious mission of reclaiming its historical and cultural past, long neglected and perverted under the fascist Andhra rulers.

reclaiming its own historical and cultural heritage,

The demand for a separate state of Telangana is not just political and economic, it's also based on strong historical, social, cultural and linguistic reasons.

The demand for a separate state of Telangana is not just political and economic, it’s also based on strong historical, social, cultural and linguistic reasons.

and securing political independence, and economic prosperity by way of self-sufficiency.



The Linguistic Monopoly and language equations    

The fundamental thing and the first step in overthrowing this hegemony and subjugation lies in resisting the linguistic and cultural onslaught, and striving for the assertion of one’s own distinct linguistic, and cultural identities, as both these things are closely, and intricately and subtly woven together, and which give a special identity to any society.  An interesting and striking thing about domination is that which starts from linguistic monopoly.

Our slang and our culture, our identity!

Our slang and our culture, our identity!

The self-proclaimed and self-styled custodians of language and culture in the unified state of Andhra Pradesh call the Andhra Telugu dialect as the supreme dialect, the Rayalaseema Telugu dialect as the lesser one, and the Telangana Telugu dialect as the least and derisive one. These kinds of language equations allow them to have the subsequent cultural hegemony and subjugation.  If one speaks in pure and unadulterated Telangana slang out of sheer love towards his/her linguistic and cultural nativity and identity, he/she is labeled as less cultured, coarse and uncivilized; and when one speaks in typical aggressive Telangana tone and tenor, borne out of heartburn unable to withstand and digest the excessive subjugation and exploitation happening before his/her very eyes, he/she is branded as pervert, anti-social, anti-national,anti-social, anti-national, secessionist1 secessionist,anti-social, anti-national, secessionist2 subversiveanti-social, anti-national, secessionist3 and in some extreme cases, involving chauvinism, bias, bigotry and prejudice, and the subsequent repression, as extremists or militants, and they are constantly hounded & persecuted,

constantly hounded & persecuted,harassed & tortured, and even eliminated from the scene, or forced to take their own precious lives.  It’s almost like label the dog stray & mad, and kill it, if you don’t like it.  In a striking contrast to all this, the person who speaks Andhra Telugu dialect is skillfully and schematically regarded as highly cultured, civilized, nationalist, integrationist etc., which automatically allows him to gain an upper hand over others who do not speak Andhra Telugu dialect.

ruling classes and the crony capitalists,

Andhra mainstream (nay, maiMstream!) media, height of “yellow journalism”.

There has been a misinformation campaign spread by the mainstream media,spread by the mainstream media, scores of news papers and TV channels, the cancerous offshoots of Andhra ruling classes and the crony capitalists, that everything that is associated with Andhra as nationalistic and progressive, and all that is associated with Telangana as anti-national and subversive.as anti-national and subversive.  It’s almost akin to the British calling everything that was Indian as superstitious, subversive, enigmatic & dark, and everything that was English as logical & scientific, forward looking, clear & bright during the colonial encounter. This was because of their sheer ignorance, arrogance, snobbishness and the lack of understanding and concern for the other.  But one thing is clear, the colonizers in Telangana are doing more harm to its people than the British as a whole, did to India, as there are scores of evidences to show that the Indians have been benefited in some respects during and after the British encounter.



Let’s all strive to root out all the false differences and equations

There is a strong need to separate, deregulate and emancipate Pappucharu from Sambar, and Pachchi pulusu from Rasam, and let them retain their own separate flavours/tastes, and let all these grow as separate, distinct and unique entities.  Let sambar and rasam not regulate and usurp the tastes of pappucharu and pacchipulusu, and thereby put their distinct flavours in jeopardy.  It’s high time every one recognized the authentic, and genuine fact and reality, that in the postmodernist context, the centre(s) is/are not necessarily in the centre,are not necessarily in the centre, but in fact, it’s/they’re rather everywhere and the circumference nowhere.everywhere and the circumference nowhere. Let’s all also recognize, understand and appreciate the simple fact that each and every tradition, culture and civilization has its own pride of place in the larger cultural firmament, and ethos of India.  We must let all these survive and grow in peaceful coexistence, and in an environment of mutual respect & enrichment, there not being any sort of competition, equations or conundrums among these.

They (i.e. the exploitative sections from the Andhra region) see a lack of culture and refinement in the Telangana slang and dialect, its food habits and life styles, but the people of Telangana see clearly and vividly a lot of love and affection in all of them.  Their policy is ‘live happily, and let others not live with dignity & happiness’, whereas, the policy of Telangana people is ‘live, and let others live with dignity & happiness’.  They believe in usurping and the people of Telangana believe in sharing and enjoying the fruits together without any kind of discrimination or division.

promote our own unique distinctive identities.

Batukamma, a festival of seasonal flowers of myriad hues, an age old tradition of Telangana, of thanks giving to the Goddess Durga celebrated by women with much pomp and gaiety. This festival is characterized by love, affection and camaraderie barring any class and caste equations, a perfect example of unity through time tested cultures.

Dear friends, let’s all strive to root out and obliterate all these dubious, farcical and false equations and definitions based on language and culture completelylanguage and culture completely from our mindsets and social psyche, and let’s all preserve and promote our own unique distinctive identities.








The Telangana demand is highly democratic and constitutional

 “Without social union, political unity is difficult to be achieved. If achieved, it would be as precarious as a summer sapling, liable to be uprooted by the gust of wind. With mere political unity, India may not be a state. But to be a state is not to be a nation and a state which is not a nation has small prospects of survival in the struggle of existence…” - Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

“Without social union, political unity is difficult to be achieved. If achieved, it would be as precarious as a summer sapling, liable to be uprooted by the gust of wind. With mere political unity, India may not be a state. But to be a state is not to be a nation and a state which is not a nation has small prospects of survival in the struggle of existence…”
– Dr. B.R. Ambedkar

The demerger (note, not separation) is an enormously long-pending and overdue aspiration and demand of nearly forty million people of the region, and it is highly democratic, constitutional, genuine and appreciable.constitutional, genuine and appreciable Moreover, it’s scientifically and practically proven all over the world that smaller states/counties with a certain number of population as decided/fixed from time to time by ideal policy makers, administrative thinkers and legal luminaries, and with some amounts of different kinds of resources for their self-sufficiency, are highly viable in administrative and legal points of view as there is better governance, effective supervision and monitoring, and management of all kinds of resources and their distribution on equitable basis, more transparency, proper law-enforcement, and above all, more devolution of powers, and speedier implementation of various welfare schemes which ultimately pave the way for the rapid growth in all the fronts of the states, which in turn augurs well for the healthy functioning of the great & noble democracy of India, the fact which was recognized and proclaimed by none other than the chief architect of our constitution, Baba Saheb Ambedkar quite a long time ago.

So, all the intellectuals and sensible people who still have unflinching faith in the Indian Democracy, the Rule of Law, and the Law of the Land, cutting across all the three regions- Coastal Andhra, Rayalaseema and Telangana, have to put aside all their baseless, unnecessary, unreasonable and unrealistic apprehensions, doubts and mistrust, and try to save democracy in the Telangana regiondemocracy in the Telangana region from the clutches of certain neo-feudal, neo-colonial, capitalistic, and rogue elements with vested interests, and allow the Telangana people to have their self-rule, self-sufficiency and self-respect which is their democratic and legitimate right,their democratic and legitimate right, and which is quite long overdue. There should be no room for senseless politicking and emotional blackmailing over this. Let the hatchet be buried, and let the pestilence be stamped out once and for all.


The Telangana demand has genuine historical and political reasons

cleverly and skillfully snatched that away

The beautiful cosmopolitan city of Hyderabad which is the heart of Telangana has / had always been a cynosure of all bad eyes- of imperialists, of neo-colonialists, of fascist rulers and of crony capitalists.

gullible nature of the Telangana people.

An excellent illustration of how the people of Telangana have been betrayed and exploited by the imperial and fascist Andhra rulers, which started soon after the forced merger of the Telangana state with the then Andhra state.

We all know India got independence on August 15, 1947 from the British rulers. But the people of Telangana had to breathe their first free air only on September 17, 1948, more than a year after India got its independence. Telangana state got liberated only on that day from the oppressive and tyrannical Nizam rulers. It was the result of the cumulative effect of so many selfless sacrifices (scores of precious lives!) of the people of Telangana through long arduous armed struggles, and that freedom, to their total shock and dismay, was very much short lived and could not be sustained, as some rogue elements- wolves in sheep’s clothing, calling themselves good Samaritans; and some corporate sharks, professing progress and development, had cleverly and skillfully snatched that away from them by clubbing the unassuming and fledgling state of Telangana with the then newly formed state of Andhra Pradesh, on November 01, 1956, and started gradually plundering their revenue, jobs, land, water and other resources by taking advantage of the innocence, ignorance, generosity and the gullible nature of the Telangana people. They were constantly made totally weak and powerless, and made to perpetually depend on the Andhra ruling classes. This has been willfully going on for nearly six decades with the active support of the crony capitalists who always work hand in glove with the exploitative ruling classes, and the mainstream media, both print and electronic, which are always under their active control, have been quite blatantly resorting to yellow journalism by playing second fiddle to their farcical whims and fancies, and fanning out their self-interestsand fanning out their self-interests, and ideologies, smacked of imperial expansion and further exploitation. They have been doing this with apparent impunity.

from the Andhra region,

Thousands of jobs which must legally belong to the Telanganaites were snatched away by the Andhraites through backdoors, illegally and dishonestly facilitated by the Andhra ruling classes in the unified Andhra Pradesh state.

powerless in a phased manner

Discrimination of a colossal scale in water sharing between Andhra and Telangana regions. Telangana has been constantly and willfully neglected and discriminated against by the fascist Andhra rulers with much impunity.

All the conditions agreed upon at the time of the forced merger of the Telangana state (a part of the then independent state of Hyderabad) with the state of Andhra Pradesh to safeguard the interests of the people of Telangana, have blatantly been flouted and breached on quite a regular basis in a systematic way from the day one, to further the causes of the vested interests from the Andhra region, in total disregard to the interests of the unassuming people of Telangana. The fledgling state of Telangana which was highly surplus in its revenue and with huge wealth left by the Nizam rulers at that time, was cleverly and skillfully clubbed with the then state of Andhra Pradesh which was struggling with its crippling economy with huge budget deficit, very much against the wishes and interests of the people of Telangana, and later on, they were constantly deceived, betrayed, and made socially, culturally, educationally, politically, and more importantly, economically weak and powerless in a phased manner under the fascist rule of the Seemandhra ruling classes. Telangana has been ruled by various rulers for hundreds of years, and is still ruled by others. The people of Telangana had/have been deceived, betrayed and exploited by several monsters in varied forms, and still there is no respite for them from the new monsters, albeit in fine and highly refined forms, and with sweeter tongues.

own contribution and pride of place1

Charminar in Hyderabad is an historical monument built by Mohammed Quli Qutub Shah in 1591 A.D.

own contribution and pride of place4

The College of Arts & Social Sciences of Osmania University is a beautiful heritage monument and the pride of Hyderabad. Nizam VII Mir Osman Ali Khan laid the foundation stone for the Arts College building on the 5th July 1934, and it was declared open on 4th Dec 1939. (http://www.osmania.ac.in/ArtsCollege/history_overview.htm)

unthinkable and unimaginable,1

The High Court stands on the south bank of the River Musi. This is one of the finest buildings in the city, built in red and white stones in Saracenic style, by Nizam VII Mir Osman Ali Khan the ruler of the princely state of Hyderabad.
The Plan of the High Court was drawn up by Shankar Lal of Jaipur and the local engineer who executed the design was Mehar Ali Fazil. The construction started on 15 April 1915 and was completed on 31 March 1919. On 20 April 1920 the High Court building was inaugurated by Nizam VII Mir Osman Ali Khan.

unthinkable and unimaginable,2

The Andhra Pradesh State Assembly Building, located in Hyderabad city, is the seat of the Andhra Pradesh Legislature.
It was built in 1913, the building was originally the Hyderabad Town hall. The Citizens of Princely state of Hyderabad raised money to build it to mark the 40th birthday of Nizam Mir Mahboob Ali Khan in 1905. This white gem of Hyderabad’s architectural splendor was designed by specially commissioned architects. It adjoins the picturesque public gardens.

culmination of another long arduous struggle for liberation.

Six decades old ambition, just for Telangana… Telangana forever…!

It’s high time on the occasion of the 67th anniversary of India’s Independence, to reflect on what had been done to the people of Telangana, and what had been taken away from them, in spite of their strong opposition under the fascist Andhra rulers and the neo-colonialists, and the crony capitalists. The time is now ripe to let Telangana people reclaim their own identity and self-respect, which is only possible with the demerger of the Telangana state from the oppressive and exploitative Andhra Pradesh. The people of Telangana have nothing to do with the imperialistic and exploitative Andhra rulers, and they have every democratic and constitutional right to be liberated from the clutches of the farcical & dubious Unitedness. Nothing short of Telangana with Hyderabad as its capital is acceptable to the people of Telangana at the present crucial juncture, the culmination of another long arduous struggle for liberation. Hyderabad city is a part and parcel of the Telangana state, and has its own contribution and pride of place in the historical and cultural heritage of Telangana for several ages, much before the forced merger of the Telangana state with Andhra Pradesh on November 01, 1956. The new state of Telangana without Hyderabad as its capital is unthinkable and unimaginable, and any true historian who knows the history of Telangana, and any sociologist or economist who deeply studied the various social and economic conditions (The both of them are invariably linked with each other.) in the region, from the time of the forced merger to the date, unequivocally agrees with this, and all the geographical and demographical factors related to the strategic position of the city of Hyderabad in the state of Telangana, strongly vindicate this statement.


To the political classes        

beautifully unified mosaic panoramic view

Incredible India!

exquisitely knit by our forefathers,

India, “a striking unity in mind-boggling diversity”, a big puzzle for an outsider!

preserve and nurture our diversity,

India, “the paint of unity with a thousand and one colours”, beauty drawn in a magnificent way!

The various political classes, and their rank and file from the unified Andhra Pradesh state have to understand this, and try to concede to the age old aspirations of the Telangana people- reclaiming and assertion of their own identity and self-respect, which can only be possible through self-rule.  And also, our larger political spectrum across the vast Indian sub-continent in general, and from the three regions- Andhra, Rayalaseema and Telangana in particular, should understand and appreciate with some benevolence and open-heartedness, the basic nuances of Indian tradition and cultural heritage for which India is famous all over the world, and also for its divergence & diversity which gives a great, beautifully unified mosaic panoramic view to any outsider who views it.  However, any sensible insider can see the much palpable cracks developing from within, which, if not patched up with timely sensible intervention, will turn into wider & deeper chasms, and bring about disastrous and catastrophic consequences in the not so distant future, and will threaten the basic unity and the strong fabric of our nation which had been so delicately and exquisitely knit by our forefathers, freedom fighters, and the national leaders during the formative years of our nation building.  So, it’s imperative for all of us to preserve and nurture our diversity, without any room for any sort of prejudice or friction among all of us in order to be much more united.

Let’s hope better sense prevails over our sensible political classes from the Seemandhra region, and thereby, they get enlightened about the strong need to fulfill the age old aspirations of the Telangana people, unlike their counterparts in yesteryears who played with the lives and sentiments of the people of Telangana with much hatred, bias, derision, heavy-handedness, excessive brutality and repression.  Now the time is ripe and right for the present ruling class, to act instantly and realistically with some maturity, and have a special page of appreciation allocated to them in the future Telangana history books or a few derisive lines with much contempt! Now it’s time for them to decide and act sensibly.


To the people at large

The ire and war of the people of Telangana is only against the Seemandhra ruling classes, and the neo-colonialists, neo-feudalists, capitalists, the oppressors, exploiters, and the traitors of Telangana, both inside and outside, and certainly not against the pro-Telangana Seemandhra people who are their esteemed brethren, and they will continue to have the same love and affection, and there is always a special, warm and secure place for them in their bosom.

It’s requested everyone to be realistic & pragmatic, and sensible & broad minded in recognizing, accepting and appreciating the democratic wish & demand of the Telangana people. It should be noted at this juncture that the people of Telangana region want only political & administrative division, and not emotional. It’ll be lovely to have two strong and modern Telugu speaking states- one, highly cosmopolitan, liberal, multi-lingual and multi-cultural; and the other, highly traditional and cultural; and also two wonderful, vibrant and prosperous capital cities including Hyderabad with scope for employment opportunities on a massive scale, in addition to Bangalore, Chennai and Thiruvanathapuram in Southern India.

Finally, it is very much important for all of us to understand and appreciate the importance of preserving the divergence & diversity, and the pluralistic ethos of India which is the sine qua non of its unity. Let’s all be Diversified & United and make our country a more wonderful & beautiful place in the World.


Jai Telangana!

                               Jai Bharat!

                                                     Satyamev jayate!!                                                                                                      




(Thanks to Dr. A.V. Koshy for his valuable inputs. Thanks are also due to several of my friends who insisted on sharing this article in wider circles in order to spread the genuine message of Telangana. Special thanks to WordPress.com for giving a bigger platform for the Voice of Telangana in its most pressing times.)


4 responses to “On Language, Tradition, Culture and Civilization: Rise of Regional Aspirations in India- Demand for the DEMERGER of the Telangana State from the Unified Andhra Pradesh State, a Quintessential Example

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  1. Pingback: TELANGANA: the 29th State to be | Phantasmagoria

  2. Love your website, is this the default theme or a custom one?

  3. The theme is ‘Andrea’.

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